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The bulk of the population converted in the course Contact hypothesis psychology definition the next few centuries.
Name of Poland The origin of the name "Poland" derives from the West Slavic tribe of Polans Polanie that inhabited the Warta river basin of the historic Greater Poland region starting in the 6th century. During this time, the Lusatian culturespanning both the Bronze and Iron Ages, became particularly prominent.
The Golden Liberty of the nobles began to develop under Casimir's rule, when in return for their military supportthe king made a series of concessions to the nobility, and establishing their legal status as superior to that of the townsmen.
Throughout the period of the partitions, political and cultural repression of the Polish nation led to the organisation of a number of uprisings against the authorities of the occupying Russian, Prussian and Austrian governments.
However, this document, accused by detractors of harbouring revolutionary sympathies, generated strong opposition from the Commonwealth's nobles and conservatives as well as from Catherine II, who, determined to prevent the rebirth of a strong Commonwealth set about planning the final dismemberment of the Polish-Lithuanian state.
In some languages, such as Hungarian, Lithuanian, Persian and Turkish, the exonym for Poland is Lechites Lechiciwhich derives from the name of a semi-legendary ruler of Polans, Lech I. The Warsaw Confederation confirmed the religious freedom of all residents of Poland, which was extremely important for the stability of the multiethnic Polish society of the time.
The Jagiellon dynasty at one point also established dynastic control over the kingdoms of Bohemia onwards and Hungary.
When Casimir the Great died inleaving no legitimate male heir, the Piast dynasty came to an end. The significance of the event was documented by Gallus Anonymus in his chronicle. Over the course of the next seven months, Polish forces successfully defeated the Russian armies of Field Marshal Hans Karl von Diebitsch and a number of other Russian commanders; however, finding themselves in a position unsupported by any other foreign powers, save distant France and the newborn United States, and with Prussia and Austria refusing to allow the import of military supplies through their territories, the Poles accepted that the uprising was doomed to failure.
The origin of the name "Polanie" itself derives from the early Slavic word "pole" field. This led to the formation of the Bar Confederationa szlachta rebellion directed against the Polish king and his Russian sponsors, which aimed to preserve Poland's independence and the szlachta's traditional privileges.
Poles rebelled several times against the Partnerzy 1986 online datingparticularly near the end of the 18th century and the beginning of the 19th century. The Union of Lublin established the Polish—Lithuanian Commonwealtha more closely unified federal state with an elective monarchybut which was governed largely by the nobility, through a system of local assemblies with a central parliament.
Inthe Statute of Kalisz or the General Charter of Jewish Liberties introduced numerous right for the Jews in Poland, leading to a nearly autonomous "nation within a nation". Finding itself subjected to almost constant warfare and suffering enormous population losses as well as massive damage to its economy, the Commonwealth fell into decline.
Upon the surrender of Warsaw to General Ivan Paskievich. The most famous archaeological find from the prehistory and protohistory of Poland is the Biskupin fortified settlement now reconstructed as an open-air museumdating from the Lusatian culture of the early Iron Age, around BC.
Another major figure associated with the era is the classicist poet Jan Kochanowski.
Meanwhile, the Prussian controlled territory of Poland came under increased Germanization. The exact time and routes of the original migration and settlement of Slavic peoples lacks written records and can only be defined as fragmented.
Some historians estimate that Crimean Tatar slave-raiding cost Poland-Lithuania one million of its population between the years of and The government became ineffective as a result of large-scale internal conflicts e. Despite this The Commonwealth-Saxony personal union gave rise to the emergence of the Commonwealth's first reform movement, and laid the foundations for the Polish Enlightenment.
They were joined by large segments of Polish society, and together forced Warsaw's Russian garrison to withdraw north of the city. This was followed by the 'Deluge' Partnerzy 1986 online dating, a Swedish invasion of Poland, which marched through the Polish heartlands and ruined the country's population, culture and infrastructure—around four million of Poland's eleven million inhabitants died in famines and epidemics throughout the 17th century.